[Special Series: Science and Technology and the words vol. 1 Importance - of words in - research activities
Researchers involved in the pharmaceutical and drug discovery, such as its development spend to experiment that much of the time.This seems to be something that is easy to understand even for people who do not matter to direct drug discovery.However, one of those that support the day-to-day of these activities is an accurate word, us to understand that people are not so many.
I think from the experience that has been involved for nearly 30 years to the research and development of drug development, from the beginning of the research activities, implementation, verification, and a series of work and words of up to completion would like to mentioned is divided into several times about the involvement of .The first time, to talk about the start as a researcher.
Starting point:Training as a researcher
The researchers of the science system can become independent as a researcher, and requires at least a training period of more than five years the university three years after graduation.Why despite has also educated usually four years in college I wonder if it is necessary to so much of the long training.
So that it can be easy to imagine, is because the biggest reason requires a very large number of fine work to do research in the areas of expertise, these it is necessary to remember while performing an experiment in one by one yourself .For example, (shown efficacy to target based on seeds of new drugs, to produce few side effects compounds, chemists synthesizing various compounds) drug discovery chemists Taking as an example, the synthesis technique is also well that, from the handling of chemicals used (from those that explode upon contact with water, dealing strictly poison such as managed by potassium cyanide of those who are, the things many dangerous to those that cause inflammation and touch directly by hand) , to analyze the compound made of their own, not had a defect so that we remember one by one the many things such as the approach to verify whether or not these were for the purpose.
It is important to remember the other one is a training on obtaining information.
Fortunately, using a textbook that was written in Japanese even in the specialized course in Japan, it is possible to receive a lesson in Japanese.However, it enters and one step foot in the professional literature other than textbooks, most of which is English.Speaking of English until then, either read the text for use in the classroom at a speed of about one page in one hour, for those who did not only know simple everyday conversation about the terminology is frequently used, yet about what he does not know writing to understand that he is, it is very difficult.By the time of the graduate school of the early, when they are shown a summary of 100 words about the paper showing the professor, the impact of the things that I did not know exactly what you're talking about can not forget even now.
As long as the study of the science as a professional, paper with respect to the field, is essential to become able to read without some extent dictionary.
Moreover, these professional literature has been described is always huge references, in order to understand exactly what is written in the body, it is necessary to look through to these references.Understand the summary by skipping the contents of these citations were obtained believes necessary for an understanding of the, to determine whether there is a need to read in detail.This is because quite often it is not the content that had been expected.
However, if they are too taken the time to read papers, because there would be no time for the experiment to be performed in practice of their own, will be will be able to know exactly what a certain degree faster than essential training to become.
The total finish of the training:Doctoral dissertation
After become possible availability of such passive information, one of the goals of the training is a doctorate by Creating a doctoral thesis (Ph.D. in Europe).(※ By the way, in the West, this credential is considered the lowest level as a researcher, the research activities, including conference presentations, it is often the presence or absence of this credential make a big difference.)
Of course, since the doctoral dissertation is intended to indicate that there is enough qualified as a researcher, to post the results of a study to the appropriate specialized scientific journals, such as it is a condition that has been accepted, a certain degree of experience although is required, nobody does not expect unfortunately that fledgling researchers to a stunning breakthrough.So what will you review the professors what the criteria exactly to review the doctoral thesis.
Most importantly, it can be said that accurate of Theory leading to final conclusion from the results obtained experimentally.In the area of science, it is hardly to be guided a reliable theoretical system from a single experiment, the total number of experiments and with different conditions, reports from other scientists, and theory that have been built so far often to draw conclusions.Further, even in his own experiments conducted, also not uncommon look the results that conflict with their theory to be putting together.Even in such case, how the results we must be described as convincingly whether integrity can take in the appropriate language and logic as a whole if interpret.
Importantly in experimental science, but it is needless to say that the experimental results, built on the theory it accurate and concise words, more meaningful and on science that conclusion, by describing to social significance, first means established as of a certain academic.